Flat feet (Pes Planus)


Flat feet are commonly found in all populations, throughout the world, in the shoe and non-shoe wearing populations. Many people whose feet appear to be flat  never present with symptoms associated. However, some people may go on to develop pain and discomfort in the feet, knees, hips and lower back.
Please see below for more detail….


What are Flat feet?
A flat foot or pes planus are terms that are used to describe a foot that has no arch or a reduced arch profile.
They can be hereditary or acquired which maybe related to injury or health issues including those that affect the nervous system and increased bodymass index.

Child Development
A flat foot appearance is normal in infants and toddlers because the muscular strength and bones have not developed yet.

 (Please  click here for our Child Assessment page for further details on child development)

Why do we have an arch?
The arch of the foot is maintained by the tendons, muscles and ligaments.  During walking the foot is designed to roll in to act as a shock absorber and help walk over uneven terrain, and also roll out to aid propulsion forward.  Problems may occur when there is a lack of or altered timing during walking.
 Symptoms may include pain and discomfort during or after activity, located with the foot    and ankle and often higher up the body.
If you find  you are experiencing symptoms one foot or both feet collapsing, we suggest you seek further assessment.


  •  Stretching and Strengthening Regime   

  • It is very common to find calf muscle tightness in combination with flat feet so stretching can reduce pressure through the foot and arch.  Specific muscle strengthening it beneficial 

  • Orthotics (Insoles)

    Orthotics or insoles are often used to aid foot function and reduce load going through specific structures.

  • Supportive footwear

    shoes play major role in foot function, it is always essential to assess to see if current shoes are up to the job that is required of them.